Role of brain nitric oxide in (+/-)3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-induced neurotoxicity in rats
Zheng Y, Laverty R.
Department of Pharmacology,
University of Otago, P.O. Box 913,
Dunedin, New Zealand.
Brain Res 1998 Jun 8;795(1-2):257-63
ABSTRACTThe role of nitric oxide (NO) in the long-term serotoninergic neurotoxicity induced by (+/-)3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) in rats was investigiated. Pretreatment with Nomega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NOARG) (10 mg kg-1), a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, partially protected against long-term serotonin (5-HT) depletion induced by MDMA (40 mg kg-1) in frontal cortex and parietal cortex, but not in other brain regions examined. Brain NOS activities in these two regions were significantly elevated at 6 h after MDMA administration. Moreover, L-NOARG pretreatment caused significant inhibition of brain NOS activity but did not affect the acute 5-HT and dopamine (DA) changes or the hyperthermia induced by MDMA. These results suggest that it is the NOS inhibitory properties of L-NOARG, rather than its effects on the acute monoamine changes or the hyperthermia induced by MDMA, that are responsible for the prevention of neurotoxicity. The regional differences on the protection of L-NOARG and on the activation of NOS by MDMA indicate the unequal role that NO may play in MDMA-induced neurotoxicity in different brain regions.NO
MDMA and nitric oxide
Nitric oxide/MDMA-induced serotonin depletion